Globally the extent of morbidity and mortality due to drowning is high. Most drowning deaths occur in developing countries where open water is commonly used for essential daily activities (collecting water, transportation, heavy rainfall etc). The World health Organization (WHO) has established recommendations structured into seven stages so as to understand the epidemiology of drowning, and to develop a cross-sectoral approach for the implementation of suitable interventions. However, the WHO recommendations have not been adopted in African countries, where Global Burden of Disease (GBD) estimates suggest continental rates of drowning are estimated to be highest.
This study, funded by the RNLI, will assess the drowning situation and raise awareness of the issue in Tanzania.
This study will combine literature review and snowballing methods for mapping potential project stakeholders and identification of data sources, their storage methods, and their strengths and their weaknesses. Secondary data will be retrieved from the identified sources using a pre-defined data extraction template. Data will be entered into STATA version 13 and analysis will be conducted by IHI and LSHTM to generate background rates for the establishment of drowning situation in Tanzania.
A network of stakeholders (in the fields of research, policy and practice) will be developed to support the project (assist with the provision of data) and be able to act on research findings. The stakeholder network will be used to disseminate research findings.
The findings of this study will establish the current situation of drowning epidemiology in Tanzania, and be a platform for developing and monitoring appropriate interventions aimed at averting drowning morbidity and mortality in Tanzania.