Zoonotic viral sharing among bats, primates...

In the News

Abstract submission for international workshop on infection prevention and control opens

Abstract submission for International Workshop on Infection Prevention and Control opens The National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children and Infection Control …

The CED sums up year 2016/17 in latest message

2016/2017: Year of success despite challenges Ifakara Health Institute (IHI) Chief Executive Director (CED), Dr. Honorati Masanja, has penned a message which sums up the last (2016/2017) financial year. Read …

Recent Projects

Understanding and enhancing approaches to quality improvement in small and medium sized private facilities in sub-Saharan Africa

This is an evaluation study that IHI is conducting in collaboration with London school of hygiene and tropical medicine. The research takes place in the context of an innovative intervention …

Vaccine Delivery Costing Study

As countries drive towards achieving high and equitable coverage of life-saving vaccines, the availability of sustainable, equitable, and predictable financing for vaccine delivery is essential. Over the last two decades, …

Evaluating Zoonotic Viral Sharing among Bats, Primates and People in a High Risk Transmission Interface In Southern Tanzania

Viruses traced to bats and primates have caused some of the most significant human Pandemics. As human populations rapidly expand into undeveloped areas, humans are living in closer contact with diverse wildlife, increasing the risk of disease transmission. In resource limited areas, bush meat hunting and consumption of forest plants shared with animals provide vital nutrients but may also put pathogens on the plate. Zoonotic viruses like Ebola and Marburg are diseases of concern in Africa, but little is understood about their natural history and transmission cycles, as well as their replication in their reservoir host species, which are believed to be African bat species. Bats, as well as their natural interaction with NHPs, humans, and other intermediary species are also poorly understood. It is paramount to better understand the circulating viruses in bats and non-human primates as well as to understand the interaction that humans have with these animals at forest interfaces.

The aim of this project is to assess and quantify the extent of viral sharing among bats, primates and people in a high-risk transmission interface in southern Tanzania. Understanding the natural ecology of emerging zoonotic viruses will facilitate control strategies to reduce human exposure and disease spread, a globally valuable outcome. In addition to enhancing in-country pathogen detection capability, the proposed research will build understanding of risk factors for transmission among bats, NHPs, and humans.

Lead Scientist:

Honorati Masanja

Catherine G. Mkindi

Solomon M. Mwakasungula 

Robert Sumaye


Sokoine University of Agriculture
One Health Institute University of California Davis, USA.


Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)

Projects Location

© Ifakara Health Institute (IHI), 2016