POLICY: 'Include health impact assessment into regulatory framework'
Researchers from Ifakara Health Institute (IHI) and partner organizations call on the authorities in Tanzania to include Health Impact Assessment (HIA) into the current regulatory framework to further provide opportunities for strengthening Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), particularly in the mining sector.
In a policy brief headlined, “Environmental Impact Assessments of Tanzania’s Mineral Sector: Strengthening the Inclusion of Health,” corresponding author Ms. Kimberly Mihayo says, the researchers argue that EIA tends to not adequately consider health impacts and therefore misses important gains in arranging sustainable development.
“Moving forward, Tanzania must assess how its mineral sector can effectively contribute to sustainable development, while minimizing negative impacts to both the environment and public health,” notes the Policy Brief.
The policy brief is aimed at policymakers and public-sector stakeholders who wish to better understand the current gaps and opportunities to strengthen the inclusion of health in Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) of large-scale mining projects in Tanzania.
According to Ms. Mihayo, information presented in the policy document is based on a desktop review of national regulations, policy guidelines, company reports and other relevant grey literature done by a team of researchers under a project named, Health Impact Assessment for Sustainable Development (HIA4SD).
“In addition, 7 in-depth interviews were conducted with key stakeholders including policymakers, government ministry officials, EIA experts and development partners in the country,” she adds. Other partners in the HIA4SD initiative are Swiss TPH, FNSNF and NADEL. #