REPORT: First of its kind malaria prevalence survey covering all Tanzania districts
Tanzania’s Ministry of Health through the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) initiated a School Malaria Parasitemia Survey (SMPS) to evaluate the prevalence and dynamics of plasmodium infection in Tanzania which was conducted between 2014 and 2015 – the first of its kind malaria prevalence survey covering all councils in the country.
Here are the report’s key highlights:
- Malaria is a major public health issue and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality accounting for 26% of all causes of outpatient visits.
- The number of annual malaria deaths in Tanzania among all ages was estimated at 60,000 to 80,000 annually up to the year 2009.
- From 2000 up to 2010, the proportion of people living in areas of intense transmission in Tanzania has declined from 11.6% to 2.3%
- Malaria prevalence for children under the age of 5 years has been reduced by 45% from 18% in 2008 to 10% in 2012.
- Majority (89.9%) of school children are reported to have at least one net in the household and about seven in ten children (69.6%) sleep under a mosquito net.
- All 25 regions covering 166 councils in Tanzania Mainland were included in this survey - a first of its kind malaria prevalence survey covering all councils in the country.
- Malaria prevalence remains high in the regions around Lake Victoria, Coastal areas, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Nyasa and south-eastern areas compared to other areas in the central corridor.
- Altitude influences greatly malaria prevalence; the low land communities are at relatively higher risk compared to most highland communities.
- SMPS confirms that the urban population has a lower risk (4 times lower) of malaria infection compared to the rural population which is in line with THMIS and TDHS-MIS surveys.
- The most widely implemented and successful malaria control interventions in Tanzania are vector control interventions namely; Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs), Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) and Larval Source Management (LSM).
We bring you the report about the survey here: download the report.