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REPORT: First of its kind malaria prevalence survey covering all Tanzania districts

May 13, 2022
REPORT: First of its kind malaria prevalence survey covering all Tanzania districts
A snip from the report's cover page.

Tanzania’s Ministry of Health through the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) initiated a School Malaria Parasitemia Survey (SMPS) to evaluate the prevalence and dynamics of plasmodium infection in Tanzania which was conducted between 2014 and 2015 – the first of its kind malaria prevalence survey covering all councils in the country.

Here are the report’s key highlights:

  1. Malaria is a major public health issue and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality accounting for 26% of all causes of outpatient visits.
  2. The number of annual malaria deaths in Tanzania among all ages was estimated at 60,000 to 80,000 annually up to the year 2009.
  3. From 2000 up to 2010, the proportion of people living in areas of intense transmission in Tanzania has declined from 11.6% to 2.3%  
  4. Malaria prevalence for children under the age of 5 years has been reduced by 45% from 18% in 2008 to 10% in 2012.
  5. Majority (89.9%) of school children are reported to have at least one net in the household and about seven in ten children (69.6%) sleep under a mosquito net.
  6. All 25 regions covering 166 councils in Tanzania Mainland were included in this survey - a first of its kind malaria prevalence survey covering all councils in the country.
  7. Malaria prevalence remains high in the regions around Lake Victoria, Coastal areas, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Nyasa and south-eastern areas compared to other areas in the central corridor.
  8. Altitude influences greatly malaria prevalence; the low land communities are at relatively higher risk compared to most highland communities.
  9. SMPS confirms that the urban population has a lower risk (4 times lower) of malaria infection compared to the rural population which is in line with THMIS and TDHS-MIS surveys.
  10. The most widely implemented and successful malaria control interventions in Tanzania are vector control interventions namely; Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs), Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) and Larval Source Management (LSM).

We bring you the report about the survey here: download the report.